• Longtime AIDS researcher Robert Redfield picked to lead CDC

    A leading AIDS researcher, who is well respected for his clinical work but has no experience running a governmental public-health agency, was named Wednesday to head the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
  • Mumps Is On the Rise. A Waning Vaccine Response May Be Why.

    Mumps is resurging. And it may be because the immune response provoked by the mumps vaccine weakens significantly over time, and not because people are avoiding vaccination or because the virus has evolved to develop immunity to the vaccine, a new study has found.
  • WHO Says Tainted Food Outbreak Threatens 16 African Nations

    A deadly outbreak linked to tainted food in South Africa is now threatening other African nations, with neighboring Namibia reporting a confirmed case that might be connected, the World Health Organization said Tuesday.
  • Fearing New Outbreaks, Brazil Will Vaccinate Country Against Yellow Fever

    Hoping to stave off another deadly outbreak of yellow fever, Brazil’s government announced on Tuesday that it planned to vaccinate the entire country against the mosquito-borne virus by April 2019.
  • Unrestricted access to DAAs nearly eliminates HCV in Australian prison

    A program granting prison inmates with hepatitis C virus infection unrestricted access to direct-acting antiviral therapy nearly eliminated the virus at a correctional facility in Australia less than 2 years after its implementation, according to study findings published in Clinical Infectious Diseases.
  • We’re Losing the Fight’: Tuberculosis Batters a Venezuela in Crisis

    His family thought he just had a bad cold, nothing serious. But Victor Martínez kept getting worse.
  • Louisville's hepatitis A outbreak: Cases spread to Indiana and now some schools are closed

    An outbreak of hepatitis A in Kentucky, centered in Jefferson County, has spread to more than 100 people — a significant increase in a state that typically sees about 20 cases per year.
  • CDC tells Brazil travelers get a yellow fever vaccination — and it might be hard to find

    Following 10 cases of yellow fever linked to travel in Brazil that led to four deaths this year so far, the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention has expanded and added emphasis to its recommendation that travelers to some areas of Brazil get vaccinated against yellow fever, adding to the number of areas where transmission is occurring and saying all people planning travel to the country who have not previously received the shot, should get it before departing.
  • Re-emergence of human monkeypox highlights capacity gaps, global health security goals

    About six months ago, the World Health Organization and the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention brought together researchers, ministries of health staff, global health program and policy leaders, and experts in pox viruses to discuss re-emergence of a disease that has been reported in more countries during the last decade than in the four decades that had followed its discovery in humans.
  • The One Doctor You Need to See If You Get an Antibiotic-Resistant Infection

    Patients who developed infections that were resistant to antibiotics were much more likely to survive if doctors specializing in infectious disease were consulted on their cases, according to a study published today in Open Forum Infectious Diseases.
  • Pakistan Is Racing to Combat the World’s First Extensively Drug-Resistant Typhoid Outbreak

    When Qaurat al-Ain brought her fever-stricken daughter Mariam to a doctor in this city 90 miles east of Karachi, she assumed the one-year-old had a chest cold.
  • Combo Tx Offers New Hope for Cryptococcal Meningitisi

    Two experimental combinations of antifungal therapy for HIV-infected patients with cryptococcal meningitis in Africa were comparable to certain standard treatments, a randomized phase III trial found.
  • House defeats ‘right-to-try’ legislation to allow expanded use of experimental drugs

    In a major setback for Republicans, the House rejected “right-to-try” legislation Tuesday evening that would have allowed seriously ill patients to bypass the Food and Drug Administration to get access to experimental treatments.
  • White House Hails Success of Disease-Fighting Program, and Plans Deep Cuts

    The White House appeared to declare victory this week for an Obama-era initiative to stamp out disease outbreaks around the world even as it moved to scale back the program.
  • Treating HCV Reduces Risk of Extrahepatic Conditions

    Treatment of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection was associated with lower risk of some other conditions in the largest western study of the relationship between antiviral treatment and extrahepatic manifestations.
  • Thinking of Going to Brazil? You Will Need a Yellow Fever Vaccination

    The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention has advice for people thinking about traveling to most parts of Brazil: get vaccinated against yellow fever, or stay home.
  • Getting gender into your science means more than “add women and stir”

    I’ve worked in research and with researchers for a while, and often I hear people say that it doesn’t make sense to address gender in their research.
  • There Is No Cure for HIV—But Scientists May Be Getting Closer

    Cure isn’t a word normally used in the context of AIDS.
  • Women controlled HIV-protection gains ground with interim results from open-label trials

    With high rates of uptake, high rates of use, and HIV infection rates less than half of what would otherwise have been anticipated, the continued development of vaginal rings loaded with antiretroviral drug as a means of protection from the virus gained a large measure of vindication in interim trial results released here Tuesday.
  • FDA approves tests of tick-borne disease to protect blood supply

    The FDA has approved tests to screen whole blood and plasma for a tick-borne disease.
  • Guinea Pigs May Spread Salmonella, CDC Warns

    The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) on Tuesday issued an icky warning about pet guinea pigs: they may be spreading salmonella.
  • Common ‘Superbug’ Found to Disguise Resistance to Potent Antibiotic

    Some common “superbugs” appear to harbor a little-known type of resistance to a last-resort antibiotic, a new study shows, suggesting a worrying new way in which dangerous bacteria can evade one of the few remaining treatment options.
  • HIV drug-resistance testing leads to “tremendous opportunity”

    Using existing analyses of viruses generated by drug-resistance testing among people diagnosed with HIV, a U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention study identified 60 clusters of people across the United States among whom the virus was spreading at 11 times the rate  — at 44 transmissions per 100 person years — than would be expected from average transmission rates.
  • Hawaii’s mumps outbreak easing despite topping 900 cases, state says

    State Health Department officials say there are signs that the mumps outbreak is slowing in Hawaii despite new cases recently being recorded on Oahu and the Big Island.
  • FDA fast-tracks Finch’s microbiome capsule for C. difficile

    Microbiome company Finch Therapeutics Group announced that the FDA has issued Fast Track designation to CP101, its oral microbiome capsule in development for recurrent Clostridium difficile infection.
  • How the U.S. military might help answer a critical question about the flu vaccine

    There’s a burning question in the flu vaccine research world these days.
  • They’re Hosting Parasitic Worms in Their Bodies to Help Treat a Neglected Disease

    Seventeen volunteers in the Netherlands have agreed to host parasitic worms in their bodies for 12 weeks in order to help advance research toward a vaccine for schistosomiasis, a chronic disease that afflicts more than 200 million people a year, killing thousands, primarily in sub-Saharan Africa and South America.
  • Brazil’s Ongoing Yellow Fever Outbreak Centered In Major Cities, WHO Confirms

    New information from the World Health Organization (WHO) confirms that Brazil's ongoing yellow fever outbreak is centered in Rio de Janeiro, Sao Paulo, and Minas Gerais states, with many infections occurring near the country's largest cities.
  • Implications Of Proposed Budget Cuts On Public Health, Infectious Diseases Discussed

    As an infectious disease physician, one of the many disheartening things in the recently proposed budget by this administration is the effect it will have on public health.
  • Drug Makers, Medical Societies Seeking More Incentives For Antibiotics Development In Bill

    A big legislative package due for renewal later this year could include hundreds of millions of dollars of drug incentives — and the medical community is already jostling to shape its contents.
  • CDC Budget Cuts Could Make The US More Vulnerable To A Pandemic

    Infectious diseases know no borders. In this age of global hyper-connectedness, a disease outbreak anywhere is a threat everywhere.
  • Hepatitis A Outbreak Continues In Kentucky

    The Kentucky Cabinet for Health and Family Services says a hepatitis A outbreak is continuing in several counties.
  • FDA Advisory Committee Will Consider Changes To Flu Vaccine For Next Year

    A Food and Drug Administration (FDA) advisory committee will consider whether to change the flu vaccine for next year as the country faces a worse-than-expected flu season.
  • Russian Policies Contributing To Increase In HIV/AIDS Patients

    Nika Ivanova was 18 when she first learned about HIV. By then, it was too late.
  • NIH Research Team Infecting People With Flu To Help Develop Universal Vaccine

    A leading researcher at the National Institutes of Health is declaring this year's severe flu season a "wake-up call" for the medical community.
  • Typhoid Outbreak in Pakistan Linked to Extensively Drug-Resistant Bacteria

    The bacteria behind an ongoing outbreak of typhoid fever in Pakistan is a strain of Salmonella entericathat has become resistant to multiple antibiotic treatments by acquiring new DNA, according to a study reported this week (February 20) in mBio.
  • Brain Cysts Caused By Pork Tapeworms Should Be Confirmed With Neuroimaging And Serologic Testing

    Brain cysts developing as a result of pork tapeworm infection should be confirmed through neuroimaging and serologic testing, according to new clinical guidelines from the Infectious Diseases Society of America and the American Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene.
  • Study indicates that acting on guidelines could avert half of TB cases among children

    Tracing contacts of people confirmed to be sick with tuberculosis and making preventive treatment available to those at risk for the disease, could halve current numbers of TB cases among children in resource limited settings, according to researchers reporting a study of patients across a Kenya rural province.
  • CDC warns about salmonella infections traced to kratom

    The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the Food and Drug Administration and several states are investigating an outbreak of salmonella illness linked to kratom, an unregulated herbal supplement that is sometimes used for pain, anxiety and opioid-withdrawal symptoms, the CDC said Tuesday.
  • Scientists Develop A Way To Use A Smartphone To Prevent Food Poisoning

    Food scientists at the University of Massachusetts Amherst have come up with a technique they say could make it a lot easier to avoid food poisoning.
  • South America records most yellow fever cases in decades

    A new report from the Pan American Health Organization (PAHO) documents yellow fever cases in animals and humans from January 2016 through January 2018 in South America, showing the most cases reported in decades.
  • First Human Case From New Bird Flu: How Many More Strains Are Out There?

    On Christmas Day last year, a 68-year-old woman in southern China came down with the flu. A week later she was hospitalized.
  • This season's flu vaccine is only 36 percent effective, but experts say you should still get it

    his season’s flu vaccine offers limited protection against the viruses sweeping the country, with its overall effectiveness of 36 percent falling to 25 percent against the most virulent and predominant strain, according to a government report released Thursday.
  • Fecal transplants move into the mainstream to treat difficult infection

    Fecal transplants are increasingly becoming a mainstream treatment.
  • Findings indicate two newest TB drugs, bedaquiline and delamanid in combination safe, promising for

    A study following outcomes of 28 patients with drug-resistant tuberculosis in three countries with high burdens of the disease found what the researchers cite as strong evidence that a combination of the two newest TB drugs could be part of a safe and effective treatment regimen.
  • Can gene therapy be harnessed to fight AIDS?

    For more than a decade, the strongest AIDS drugs could not fully control Matt Chappell’s HIV infection.
  • In soil-dwelling bacteria, scientists find a new weapon to fight drug-resistant superbugs

    It’s a new class of antibiotic that promises to live up to its rough Latin translation: killer of bad guys.
  • White House budget recognizes global health threats with words, but not dollars with massive cuts to

    The U.S. State Department and USAID would get $25.8 billion — a cut of $9 billion, or 26 percent from the level enacted for 2017, the U.S. President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief would get $3.85 billion — a cut of $470 million from 2017, and $925 million for the Global fund represents a cut of $425 million from 2017 levels in the budget plan released by the White House today.
  • The Shadow Crusade To End Measles

    During 2017, hundreds of thousands of people spent their working hours, and weeks and months of volunteer time, on an elusive goal: trying to snuff a handful of stubborn diseases out of existence.
  • How did San Diego get its hepatitis outbreak under control?

    On a sunny mid-September morning, men and women in white lab coats and dark business suits gathered before a phalanx of television cameras near San Diego Bay to address the nation’s largest hepatitis A outbreak in decades.